Jumper’s knee is a condition that commonly occurs in young, active individuals. In order to learn more about this condition, let’s discuss related anatomy, symptoms, causes and treatments.
The patella, or kneecap, is the bone that covers and protects the knee joint. It’s attached to the femur by the quadriceps tendon and the tibia by the patella tendon.
Illustration 1– The quadriceps and patella tendon
A small fat pad is located underneath the patella and soft tissue and bone surround it. When the fat pad, tendons, tissues, or bones associated with the patella are overused, a patient is said to have jumper’s knee.
A dull, aching pain around the front of the knee is the most common symptom of jumper’s knee. This pain usually gets worse with increased physical activity. When left untreated, pain can reach the point where an affected patient might have to stop physical activity.
Jumper’s knee is most often caused by overuse or improper form when training, such as not properly warming up or muscular imbalance when running or changing direction. Athletes or active individuals most susceptible to the condition are those that:
- Wear improper athletic equipment (especially worn out shoes)
- Do not rest properly
- Increase the frequency and/or intensity of training regimens too quickly
- Abruptly switch training programs
- Are involved in sports and/or activities that involve squatting, running and jumping
Once the has been diagnosed by an orthopedic specialist, a relatively simple, straight-forward treatment program is prescribed.
Jumper’s knee is most often treated using non-surgical options. The following are the most common:
- Activity modification. Slowing down or stopping sports/activities that cause pain gives the knee a chance to heal. Once pain goes away, sports/activities can be resumed.
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Like ice, NSAIDs calm down inflammation and decrease pain.
- Physical Therapy. Stretching and strengthening the muscles, tendons, and ligaments of the knee decrease pain and prevent future injuries.
Any combination or all of these treatment options can be prescribed by an orthopedic specialist.
In rare instances, there may be significant damage to the tendon that needs to be repaired. In most cases, this repair can be performed arthroscopically with patients returning home the same day as their procedure.
Contacting an Orthopedic Specialist
If you’re experiencing knee pain that won’t go away, you might have Jumper’s knee that’s needs to be professionally treated. Please contact our offices in Duxbury or Sandwich to arrange an appointment with one our orthopedic specialists. The road to recovery begins when you walk through our doors.
At Plymouth Bay Orthopedic Associates, our team consists of Fellowship-Trained and Board Certified Orthopedics and Sports Medicine Specialists that have extensive experience treating knee injuries. We offer a full spectrum of treatment options that include conservative treatment and Physical Therapy to the latest advancements in arthroscopic surgery and tendon repair. Contact our offices in Duxbury or Sandwich to schedule a consultation with one of our experts!